World War II Homefront Era: 1940s: Women Replace Men in the Workforce
In this 1943 photograph by Dorothea Lange, a female African American shipyard worker leaves the yards at the end of her work shift. One shipyard welder remembered, "in 1942, a chaperone was hired to escort us to our workplace and herd us to the bathroom and lunch. You see, they didn't know how the men would react. But soon there were just too many of us." Prior to the war, the Bay Area's entire shipyard industry employed only 5000 workers. During wartime, shipyards in Oakland, Richmond, Hunter's Point, Mare Island, Sausalito, and the Stockton Channel would become the country's leading producers of "Liberty" and "Victory" ships. Southern California was the nation's headquarters for airplane construction.
Rosie the Riveter World War II Homefront National Historic Park, Richmond, Ca
Richmond Arts and Culture Commission-info on Rosie the Riveter
American National Biography-Asa Philip Randolph
Asa Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom/PBS biography
Kaiser Permanente: Born and Raised in California
Why Affirmative Action? History of Executive Order 8066.
Dorothea Lang: Focus on Richmond